Sudan’s Military Junta Seeks UN Withdrawal

Photo Credit: AFP

Earlier this month an all out campaign of genocide struck Sudan when militant RSF gunmen went from home to home for three days in a refugee camp in Darfur, Sudan, looking for Maslit men. The RSF (Rapid Support Forces) are a paramilitary force which spawned form the Janjaweed and supports the National Intelligence and Security Service and is commanded by the is commanded by the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF). The Ardamata massacre occurred on November 8 and was responsible for 2,000 deaths and 20,000 refugees fleeing to Chad.

The War in Sudan started with a domestic conflict between Arab and African populations in Sudan, dating back to the 1950s and culminating in the 2011 with peace proposals made by former leader Omar al-Bashir to the Liberation and Justice Movement. As the insurgency escalated in February 2003, spearheaded by the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) and the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), the Sudanese government responded by using the Janjaweed as its main counter-insurgency force. Ultimately a treaty was reached which included concessions in the amount of $300 Mn compensation package for victims of atrocities in Darfur as well as special courts to conduct trials of persons accused of human-rights violations. The agreement, the Darfur Peace Agreement, also established the Darfur Regional Government.

In a letter sent to UN Secretary-General António Guterres, the Sudanese military government demanded the UN’s mission, known as Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS), be discontinued immediately.

In 2013, the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), were formed from the Janjaweed to fight against rebel groups in Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile.

By April 2023, power struggles between Sudan’s de facto national leader, army commander Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, and the leader of the RSF, Hemedti came to a head. Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf has been in power since A coup d’état took place in Sudan in April 2019 and did so with the support of Hemedti, when President Omar al-Bashir was overthrown by the Sudanese Armed Forces after popular mounting and popular demand for his departure. The two generals fell out over how to share control.

This month, a fresh surge of ethnic killings has been plaguing the people of West Dafur in war-torn Sudan as the local paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) took over the main army base in the state capital, El Geneina. RSF forces were said to have killed 2,000 civilians as they sprayed gunfire during raids in the Maslit region, the village of Ardamata, lining men up and executing them.